In three years, Russia will have the world’s leading floating nuclear power plant, proficient of providing energy and heat to hard-to-get regions as well as drinking water to arid areas.
The distinctive vessel should be in operation by 2016, the general director of Russia’s largest shipbuilders, the Baltic Plant, Aleksandr Voznesensky told journalists at the 6th International Naval Show in St. Petersburg. The Akademik Lomonosov is to turn into the forefront of a series of floating nuclear power plants, which Russia plans to put into mass-production.
The floating power-generating unit intended to provide energy to big industrial enterprises, port cities and offshore gas and oil-extracting boards, was designed on the base of nuclear reactors which are prepared on the icebreakers ships. The technology has demonstrated itself for over 50 years of fruitful operation in dangerous Arctic circumstances.
The floating power plant is a vessel with a shift of 21,500 tons and a staff of 69 people. It’s non-self-propelled and thus has to be tugged to the chosen destination.
Every ship will have two altered KLT-40 naval propulsion reactors collected providing up to 70 MW of electricity or 300 MW of heat, which is sufficient for a city with a population of 200,000 people.
The floating nuclear power plants are predicted to be used in distant areas of Russia’s high north and Far East, which presently see economic growth suffering from a deficiency of energy.
For export purposes, the floating power plant can also be altered as a purification plant able to yield 240,000 cubic meters of fresh water daily.
15 nations, including China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Algeria, Namibia, Cape Verde and Argentina, have earlier expressed concern in obtaining such power stations.
The constructor stresses that the procedure of fuel enrichment on the vessels obeys with the rules of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) dealing with limitation of nuclear weapons.
Like every atomic station the floating power plant is manufactured with a safety boundary, beyond any possible threats, which makes the reactors safe to tsunami waves or smashes with other ships or on-land constructions.
The power-generating unit is to be exchanged by a new one after 40 years, with the cast-off reactor given back to a particular facility for recycling.
The vessels are said to be harmless for the surroundings as they don’t emit any dangerous substances during job.
Floating Nuclear Power Plant Idea at "MIT"
The manufacturing of the first floating nuclear power station, Akademik Lomonosov, started in 2007 at the Sevmash Submarine-Building Plant in Severodvinsk.
A year later it was moved to the Baltic Plant, but was delayed for the last two years due to a lack of funding.
The new deal to settle the construction of a floating power unit for the floating nuclear power plant was signed among the Baltic plant and the Russiam state Rosenergoatom Company in Dec, 2012.
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