Can we grow plants on MARS?

It would be hard to grow plants in the different and tougher conditions on the surface of Mars. The lower gravity, lower light intensities, different air and nutrient-lacking soil on the Red Planet would make it hard for Earth-adapted plants to grow without support.

Future human inhabitants on the surface would need to make greenhouses or special modules where they can re-create more ideal circumstances for crops to grow, possibly growing them hydroponically, without soil. Being able to farm will be a crucial skill for a settler of Mars.

Gardening experiments currently in progress on the International Space Station (ISS) will help us prepare for a future where we could produce food on other planets, moons or even in space itself.



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