The dark side of the moon could soon be home to human settlements if ESA has its way
The European Space Agency is confident that dominating the moon is a vital step for human deep space exploration.
In a video, titled 'Destination: Moon', the agency summaries its plans for making a home on the hostile land that covers the far side of the moon surface. Until now, scientists have discussed why this near side has an plenty of features - such as the 'man on the moon'.
The man on the moon is in fact, dark Maria, or seas – huge flat areas of basalt on the moon’s near side. No such landscapes exist on far side of the moon.
The dark side, in the meantime, has one of the biggest impact crater in the solar system yet known, Which is supposed to have formed four billion years ago. Its diameter is approximately 1,550 miles (2,500 km), making it spreading across almost a quarter of the moon.
While parts of the crater are cloaked in continuous darkness, its rim has huge mountainous peaks that are covered in near-constant sunlight. ESA wants to send robots to these mountaintops, and ultimately humans.
It says the crater's border is a perfect place to land humans as they have 'the potential for near nonstop solar power and a remarkable view over the rocky and cratered landscape below.'
In 2009, Nasa's Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite studied the chemical structure of the material below the moon's South Pole and found traces of frozen water.
ESA is hoping to discover if water exists somewhere else on the moon, and if so, they want to comprehend where it came found.
If the moon has massive stores of water, future settlements could use the hydrogen and oxygen atoms to create rocket fuel.
Originally Posted on Dailymail.com
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